Film and TV has changed dramatically over the past 50 years, which is evident through the development of technologies such as the video camera.
We are going to give a brief historical overview of the progression of film and television over the last decade or so, including the contemporary success of the medium.
Motion picture development originated in the late 19th Century with the first devices including the seotrope and praxinoscope. Essentially an extension of simple optical devices, these would display sequences of still images at a sufficient speed for the images to appear as moving. This technology quickly developed and by 1878 the first ‘motion picture’ was created by photographer Eadward Muybridge. The device created was essentially a series of stereoscopic images of a galloping horse, attached to a drum which would have been hand cranked to achieve the motion effect. Similar devices are now seen as toys for small children which demonstrate the concept of moving images and what is interpreted as movement.
It was not until the 1920’s that the technology had developed to a stage where the producers were able to attach a sequence of speech, music or sound effects to the moving picture, which later became dubbed as a ‘talkie’ or ‘talking picture’. This saw great potential for film makers at the time as before they would typically have silent movies or synchronise them with musical scores or sheet music.
The war broke up much of the development of Film, but was also a great inspiration for many film makers and producers. Through this time the introduction of sound had seen quick uptake, and later paved the way for the introduction of colour.
The introduction of colour into film was a much more gradual process and it was not until the 1960’s that the industry saw broad uptake of producing colour films. In the early stages of film many artists would be required to paint on the colours to the film, which was typically reserved for the large budget movies. The first introduction of photography colour was in the late 1920’s, but colour accuracy was a major problem as replication was not easy.
Shortly after the introduction of the Technicolour process in the 30’s, many more movies were produced in colour, and the last black and white films were finished by the 1960’s.
Since then film and movie technology has developed in leaps and bounds, with what was only possible by film producers can now be achieved on a mobile phone. Due to this development in technology, and increase in popularity, there have been many more television shows and movies being made.
In 2007 the movie Avatar was released after over 10 years of production, and has since become the highest grossing movie of all time with a record braking $2.8 billion. The film was one of the first to go the distance with 3D filming and projection, and was even tipped for 4D cinemas.